How to Read: A basic model for literary analysis.
(the most basic level agreed upon)
|Literal Level||The text actually says at face value.|
(Intuitive based on the students' ability to process their emotions)
|Personal Emotional Response||How you as the reader feels as you read the text.|
(Sophistication based on students' grasp of techniques and devices through analysis)
|Literary Level||Identification of the devices and techniques the author employs to achieve an effect beyond the literal.|
(Sophistication based on students' ability to place the text in context of historical events and developments through analysis)
|Historical Perspective||What the text means in relation to the time it was written and when it is read.|
|Level Five (Synthesis)||The Author's Purpose||Answer the question with an analysis of the previous levels: was the author successful at achieving a goal with their text?|
To demonstrate graduation requirements students must be able to work at all five levels.
Add a well written introduction and conclusion and you have a basic structure of a seven paragraph literary essay.
Of course, paragraphs are made up of a topic supported by detail, example, or fact.